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内蒙古自治区4个城市公共场所公共用品用具卫生状况分析 [中文引用][英文引用]

Sanitary Conditions of Public Articles and Appliances in Public Places from 4 Cities of Inner Mongolia

单位(英文):?
分类号:R12
出版年·卷·期(页码):2019·9·第4期(365-368)
DOI:
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

目的 了解内蒙古自治区公共场所公共用品用具卫生质量,为公共场所卫生管理提供科学依据。方法 对内蒙古自治区4215家公共场所公共用品用具采样进行微生物指标检测。结果 公共场所公共用品用具总体合格率为93.9%,宾馆(酒店)、理发、美容和沐浴场所公共用品用具合格率分别为95.2%5 071/5 324)、84.2%346/411)、92.3%349/378)和91.0%778/855),合格率差异有统计学意义(χ2=99.072P<0.05);宾馆(酒店)业毛巾细菌总数合格率最低,为93.0%;理发店毛巾和理发梳的细菌总数合格率较低,分别为82.2%90.0%;美容店美容面盆的细菌总数和大肠菌群合格率偏低,为85.5%93.6%;沐浴场所的拖鞋细菌总数和真菌总数合格率较低,为70.2%86.4%;公共用品用具的细菌总数、大肠菌群、金黄色葡萄球菌和真菌总数等指标的合格率分别为94.1%99.6%99.8%86.4%,合格率差异有统计学意义(χ2=748.716P<0.05)。结论 内蒙古自治区公共场所公共用品用具卫生质量总体较好,但理发店的公共用品用具以及美容店的美容面盆和沐浴场所的拖鞋应加强监管,以保障消费者的身心健康。

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Objectives To understand the sanitary quality of public articles and appliances in public places in Inner Mongolia and to improve the scientific basis for public health management. Methods The microbial indexes of 215 public places in Inner Mongolia were detected. Results The overall pass rate of public articles and appliances in public places was 93.9%, and those in hotels, hairdressing, beauty and bathing places were 95.2%, 84.2%, 92.3% and 91.0%, respectively(χ2=99.072, P<0.05). The percentage of total bacterial count of hotel towels was the lowest, 93.0%. The percentages of bacteria in barber's towels and combs were 82.2% and 90.0%, respectively. The total number of bacteria and the qualification rate of coliform bacteria in beauty basins of beauty parlors were 85.5% and 93.6%, respectively. The qualification rates of bacteria and fungi were 70.2% and 86.4%, respectively. The qualified rates of total bacteria, coliform, staphylococcus aureus and fungi in public goods were 94.1%, 99.6%, 99.8% and 86.4%, respectively, with statistically significant difference (χ2=748.716, P<0.05). Conclusions The sanitary quality of public articles and appliances in public places in Inner Mongolia was generally good, but the public articles in barbershops, beauty basins in beauty parlors and slippers in bathing places should be supervised to ensure the physical and mental health of consumers.

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中文着录格式: 高昇1,,王泽想2,,张晨光1,,张秀红1,,杨田1,,魏娜娜1,,秦玉涵1.内蒙古自治区4个城市公共场所公共用品用具卫生状况分析.环境卫生学杂志.2019;9(4):365-368.
英文着录格式: GAO,Sheng1,,WANG,Zexiang2,,ZHANG,Chenguang1,,ZHANG,Xiuhong1,,YANG,Tian1,,WEI,Nana1,,QIN,Yuhan1.Sanitary Conditions of Public Articles and Appliances in Public Places from 4 Cities of Inner Mongolia..2019;9(4):365-368.

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